When we experience a tear,
pull, strain, or sprain of a tendon or ligament, our body responds with
increased blood flow to the injured area.
This “new” blood has platelets and other growth factors that help the
tissue heal by creating new collagen fibers that eventually allowing the injured
area to regain its flexibility and strength.
Depending on the after-care and the severity of the injury however,
sometimes scar tissue forms, which further alters the blood flow so the tissue
never really properly heals. Stem cells
are cells with the ability to divide many times and
can differentiate into all types of cells for regeneration. A person’s own blood, fat and bone marrow
contains stem cells and additional biological materials necessary to facilitate
healing, but minimal blood flow prevents joints, ligament and tendons from
healing as well as muscle, skin, or bone.
A goal of regenerative medicine is to quickly deliver massive numbers of
fresh stem cells, platelet-rich plasma and growth factor proteins to tissues
that are damaged to repair and grow new cells.
Additionally, these procedures are low risk,
, and partly covered by insurance.